What is it and what is the cause?
Pigmentation can occur for a variety of reasons including over exposure to the sun ( most common), genetics, hormonal changes, medical conditions and trauma to the skin (such as burns or as a result of spots and picking). The effects can also become more obvious as we age and show up on face, neck and hands, often known as sun/liver spots. Pigmentation caused by hormones is called Melasma and usually visible symmetrically both sides of the face and often top lip.
The important this is to determine the cause of the pigmentation before treating which we do using our skin scanner. We can then decide which, if any, treatment would be most suitable. Remember, prevention is always better than a cure so SPF every day is so important. Most treatments are best done during the winter months when there is less sun.